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November 22, By Dinesh Saraf Class and caste are two phenomena of social stratification which offer many features in common not only in their origin but also in their development and function.
Both are agencies of social mobility and selection in as much as they decide largely the position that a man occupies in society.
We say that such and such person belongs to a particular caste. In saying it we generally mean to convey that he is born of such parents or is a member of the family, said to belong to a particular caste.
In this way caste is a hereditary group. In biology this word is used only for descent or heredity. But this definition is inadequate for the purposes of sociology since it requires a more comprehensive and clear definition. Modern thinkers consider it best to enumerate the features of caste in defining it.
The following are the predominating characteristics of caste. The membership of caste is determined by birth. A person remains the member of the caste into which he is born and his membership does not undergo any change even if changes take place in his status, occupation, education, wealth etc.
Rules and regulations concerning food: Each individual caste has its own laws which govern the food habits of its members.
Generally there are no restrictions against fruit, milk, butter etc. In the Hindu scriptures there is a mention of the occupation of all castes. The functions of the Brahmin were to study, teach, guide and perform religious rituals and to give and receive alms, that of the Kshatriya to study, perform religious rituals, give alms, punish the evil and to go to war; that of the Vaishya to study, perform religious rituals, give alms, work in agriculture, trade and animal husbandry; that of Sudra to do menial work for all the other castes.
Having developed from Varna system the occupations in caste system are definite. In Hindu society even today in most cases the son of a cobbler pursues the occupation of his father; the son of a carpenter becomes a carpenter. The majority of persons marry only within their own caste.
Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Sudra all marry within their respective castes; Hindu community does not approve inter-caste marriage even now.
Rules concerning status and touchability: The various castes in the Hindu social organisation are divided into a hierarchy of ascent and descent one above the other. In this hierarchy the Brahmins have the highest and the untouchables the lowest position. The sense of superiority among the Brahmin is much exaggerated and manifests in the South.
The stringent observation of the system of untouchability has resulted in some low castes of the Hindu society being called untouchables who were consequently forbidden to make use of places of worship, cremation grounds, educational institutions, public roads and hotels etc. The last feature of caste worth considering is the existence within it of an organ wielding a varying degree of authority which compels obedience from caste members.
In the high castes it is public opinion which exercises this control over its members, though in modern times this may be eluded.
In most cases the authority invested in a board called the panchayat which is supposed to be composed of five members, but in fact there are many more social groups who meet whenever its decisions are needed.Hindu life styles and beliefs are focused mainly on one single worldview that everyone accepts and worships.
Samsara is a continued cycle of ongoing rebirths, ones ultimate goal throughout each life is to attain the state of Moksha. Caste System has been the bane of Hindu society for centuries.
In terms of impact, it did much greater damage for a much longer period to a great many people than the slave system of the western world or the witch-hunting practices of medieval Europe. Stay Up To Date With All The Latest Lifestyle News, Fashion News, Health Tips, Fitness News, Restaurant Reviews & Much More At The Hindu.
Stay Up To Date With All The Latest Lifestyle News. Generally, Hindu women and girls wear clothes, which would cover all the body except face such as Sari, Lehengas, Salwar Kameez, Ghagra choli, etc. A married Hindu woman considers her husband as God and the husband considers her as his Ardhangini (Half Body).
Chapter 2: Mesopotamia. STUDY. PLAY. Aryans. What were some of the main features of Mesopotamian societies?
farming, cieites, sttes, technology, writing, bronze metalworking, math and sicence, trade network How did Indian society and the HIndu religion emerge from the mixing of Aryan and local cultures?
What are the main characteristics of Hinduism? Update Cancel.
Answer Wiki. 12 Answers. Hinduism talks about energy - Ayurveda, Vaastu Shastra, Hindu rituals, festivals are all about energy.. The society must not have place for discrimination on the basis ofcaste,religion,gender,race,economic status or any other factor this is what this.