Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Purpose CPR is performed to restore and maintain breathing and circulation and to provide oxygen and blood flow to the heart, brain, and other vital organs.

CPR can be performed by trained laypeople or healthcare professionals on infants, children, adolescents, and adults. CPR should be performed if an infant, child, or adolescent is unconscious and not breathing.

Respiratory and cardiac arrest can be caused by allergic reactions, an ineffective heartbeat, asphyxiation, breathing passages that are blocked, chokingdrowning, drug reactions or overdoses, electric shock, exposure to cold, severe shock, or trauma.

In newborns, the most common cause of cardiopulmonary Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is respiratory failure caused by sudden infant death syndrome SIDSairway obstruction usually from inhalation of a foreign bodysepsis, neurologic disease, or drowning.

Description CPR is part of the emergency cardiac care system designed to save lives. Many deaths can be prevented by prompt recognition of cardiopulmonary arrest and notification of the emergency medical system EMSfollowed by early CPR, defibrillation which delivers a brief electric shock to the heart in attempt to get the heart to beat normallyand advanced cardiac life support measures.

When performed by a layperson, CPR is designed to support and maintain breathing and circulation until emergency medical personnel arrive and take over.

When performed by healthcare personnel, it is used in conjunction with other basic and advanced life support measures.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

CPR must be performed within four to six minutes after cessation Cardiopulmonary resuscitation breathing to prevent brain damage or death. CPR consists of rescue breathing, which delivers oxygen to the victim's lungs, and external chest compressions, which help circulate blood through the heart to vital organs.

CPR technique differs for infants, children, and adolescents.

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Because infants and children under the age of eight have smaller upper and lower airways and faster heart rates than adults, CPR techniques are different for them than for older children and adults.

Children and adolescents aged eight years and older have reached a body size that can be handled using adult CPR techniques and are thus classified as adults for delivery of CPR and life support.

Chest compressions are delivered by placing two fingers of one hand over the lower half of the infant's sternum slightly below the nipple line and pressing down about one half inch to one inch.

Compressions are delivered at a rate of times per minute, giving five chest compressions followed by one rescue breath in successive cycles. Performing CPR on a child aged one to eight For a child aged one to eight years, the compression rate is the same—five compressions and one rescue breath. Rescue breaths are delivered using a mouth-to-mouth seal, instead of mouth-to-mouth-and-nose.

Chest compressions are delivered by placing the heel of one hand over the lower half of the sternum and depressing about one to one and one half inches per compression.


Performing CPR on a child aged eight and older For a child aged eight years and older, and for larger children under age eight, two hands are used for compressions, with the heel of one hand on the lower half of the sternum and the heel of the other hand on top of that hand.

The chest is compressed about one and one half to two inches per compression. Rescue breaths are delivered with a mouth-to-mouth seal. The compression rate is 80 to per minute delivered in cycles of 15 compressions followed by two rescue breaths.

Preparation Before administering CPR to an infant or child, laypeople should participate in hands-on training. In addition to courses taught by instructors, the American Heart Association also has an interactive video called Learning Systemwhich is available at more than healthcare institutions.

Both organizations teach CPR the same way, but they use different terms. CPR training should be retaken every two to three years to maintain skill level.

Precautions CPR should not be performed based on the overview contained in this article. To prevent disease transmission during CPR, face masks and face shields are available to prevent direct contact during rescue breathing.

CPR in basic life support. The victim should be flat on his back and his mouth should be checked for debris. If the victim is unconscious, open airway, lift neck, and tilt head back. If victim is not breathing, begin artificial breathing with four quick full breaths. Check for carotid pulse.

If pulse is absent, begin artificial circulation by depressing sternum. Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation of an infant. Illustration by Electronic Illustrators Group. Aftercare Emergency medical care is always necessary after CPR.Sep 18,  · Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) consists of the use of chest compressions and artificial ventilation to maintain circulatory flow and oxygenation during cardiac arrest (see the images below).

Although survival rates and neurologic outcomes are poor for patients with cardiac arrest, early. Welcome to unique self-guiding CPR course and First Aid course are a cost-effective, time-saving alternative for those individuals who need to learn the fundamentals of Basic Life Support but whose schedules may not permit lengthy lectures and expensive instructors.

CPR – Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation® Reviewed February, , Expires February Provider Information and Specifics available on our Website Unauthorized Distribution Prohibited. Lifesaving music.

Sophisticated resuscitation techniques have continued to improve, but CPR — the simplest resuscitation method — remains underused. Definition Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a procedure to support and maintain breathing and circulation for an infant, child, or adolescent who has stopped breathing (respiratory arrest) and/or whose heart has stopped (cardiac arrest).

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a procedure performed in an emergency when the heart stops, with the goal of prolonging circulatory and lung function. The Importance of CPR Although advances in emergency cardiac care continue to improve the chances of surviving cardiac arrest, cardiac arrest.

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