From the original chants of "manifest destiny" to the calls for the annexation of Indian territories, our nation has been driven to acquire land. In this country's youth land was needed for economic expansion; however, by the end of the 19th century the entire continental United States was in our possession and the citizenry of this country turned their eyes out to sea. The United States was now driven by the temptations of world power and political one-ups-manship.
A Brief History The modern American economy traces its roots to the quest of European settlers for economic gain in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries. The New World then progressed from a marginally successful colonial economy to a small, independent farming economy and, eventually, to a highly complex industrial economy.
During this evolution, the United States developed ever more complex institutions to match its growth. And while government involvement in the economy has been a consistent theme, the extent of that involvement generally has increased.
They were mistakenly called "Indians" by European explorers, who thought they had reached India when first landing in the Americas. These native peoples were organized in tribes and, in some cases, confederations of tribes.
While they traded among themselves, they had little contact with peoples on other continents, even with other native peoples in South America, before European settlers began arriving. What economic systems they did develop were destroyed by the Europeans who settled their lands.
Vikings were the first Europeans to "discover" America. But the event, which occurred around the yearwent largely unnoticed; at the time, most of European society was still firmly based on agriculture and land ownership. Commerce had not yet assumed the importance that would provide an impetus to the further exploration and settlement of North America.
InChristopher Columbus, an Italian sailing under the Spanish flag, set out to find a southwest passage to Asia and discovered a "New World. But the North American wilderness offered early explorers little glory and less gold, so most did not stay.
The people who eventually did settle North America arrived later. Ina band of Englishmen built the first permanent settlement in what was to become the United States. The settlement, Jamestown, was located in the present-day state of Virginia. Colonization Early settlers had a variety of reasons for seeking a new homeland.
The Pilgrims of Massachusetts were pious, self-disciplined English people who wanted to escape religious persecution. Other colonies, such as Virginia, were founded principally as business ventures. Often, though, piety and profits went hand-in-hand.
While the private sector financed the companies, the King provided each project with a charter or grant conferring economic rights as well as political and judicial authority. The colonies generally did not show quick profits, however, and the English investors often turned over their colonial charters to the settlers.
The political implications, although not realized at the time, were enormous. The colonists were left to build their own lives, their own communities, and their own economy -- in effect, to start constructing the rudiments of a new nation.
What early colonial prosperity there was resulted from trapping and trading in furs.Rise to World Power, - Short History - Department History. NOTE TO READERS “A Short History of the Department of State” has been retired and is no longer maintained.
For more information, please see the full notice. Rise to World Power, Bureau of Public Affairs United States Department of State. Period Introduction Overview The Restoration and the Eighteenth Century, (closed during Cromwell's Puritan regime) and the restoration of the Church of England as the national church.
Some critics place the end of the eighteenth century at (linking it to the American Revolution); others at France and the United States: the cold alliance since World War II (), Scholarly history. Hill, Peter P. Napoleon's Troublesome Americans: Franco-American Relations, – ().
Hoffman, Ronald and Peter J. Albert, eds.
Diplomacy and Revolution: The Franco-American Alliance of (), Topical essays by scholars. England began to establish colonies in the New World during the 16th Century for all of the following reasons EXCEPT to Grow cotton for England's textile industry The foreign policy of the United States is its interactions with foreign nations and how it sets standards of interaction for its organizations, to its growth as a world power and global hegemony during and since World War II and the end of the Cold War in the 20th century.
In the 21st century, U.S. influence remains strong but. “American imperialism” is a term that refers to the economic, military, and cultural influence of the United States on other countries.
First popularized during the presidency of James K. Polk, the concept of an “American Empire” was made a reality throughout the latter half of the s.