There are, broadly speaking, two kinds of argument for atheism: A priori arguments for atheism claim that there is some logical contradiction in the theistic conception of God, and so that it is impossible for such a being to exist. A posteriori arguments for atheism claim that the world is other than it would be if God existed, and so conclude from it that there cannot be a God. Of all the atheistic arguments, this is the one that has been around for longest, that has had the most words written about it, and that draws the most diverse responses from Christians.
Share2 Shares Religious topics abound on Listverse and they are frequently the most commented upon. It has been some time since the last one so it seems like the time is ripe for another — and this one is a great one for discussion.
Here we present five arguments in favor of the existence of God, and the counterargument for it. Feel free to comment on the veracity or your opinion of each but remember to keep calm and argue reasonably.
After all, it is our ability to be reasonable rationality which separates us from the other animals! These all deal with the Judeo-Christian God.
Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, then taken up by Alvin Plantinga. If you believe he is necessary, then you must believe he exists. It is also criticized as a circular argument, revolving from a premise to a conclusion which relies on the premise, which relies on the conclusion.
An aspect of morality is observed. Belief in God is a better explanation for this morality than any alternative. Belief in God is thus preferable to disbelief in God. This argument is technically valid, provided that the three constituents are accepted, and most critics refuse to accept the first.
Morality, they argue, is not universal. Murder was perfectly fine for the soldiers of the First Crusade, who slaughtered every man, woman, and child in Jerusalem in Thomas Hobbes argued that morality is based on the society around it, and is thus not objective.
The fourth proof originates from the degrees discovered in things. For there is discovered greater and lesser degrees of goodness, truth, nobility, and others. For those things which are the greatest truths are the greatest beings, as is stated in Metaphysics Bk.
Furthermore, that which is the greatest in its way, is, in another way, the cause of all things belonging to it; thus fire, which is the greatest heat, is the cause of all heat, as is said in the same book cf.
Therefore, there exists something that is the cause of the existence of all things, and of goodness, and of every perfection whatever.
The most prevalent criticism of this argument considers that we do not have to believe in an object of a greater degree in order to believe in an object of a lesser degree. It begins as an argument from design, and then continues into something new. In that case, nobody designed my brain for the purpose of thinking.
It is merely that when the atoms inside my skull happen, for physical or chemical reasons, to arrange themselves in a certain way, this gives me, as a by-product, the sensation I call thought.
But, if so, how can I trust my own thinking to be true? Unless I believe in God, I cannot believe in thought: It sounds powerful, and the final judgment on it is still out there.
But in order to reject the assumption that human minds can assess the truth or falsehood of a claim, a human mind must assume that this claim is true or false, which immediately proves that human minds can assess the truth or falsehood of a claim.
Thus, the argument is better treated as a disproof of naturalistic materialism. However, given that most Atheists use naturalistic materialism as the foundation of Atheism, is is a very viable argument. It was around before Aquinas, at least as early as Plato and Aristotle, and in basic terms, it goes like this: Every finite and contingent being has a cause.
Nothing finite and contingent can cause itself. A causal chain cannot be of infinite length. Therefore, a First Cause or something that is not an effect must exist. This is especially impressive in that it was theorized by the Ancient Greeks, at a time when the Universe was not known to have had an origin.
Whatever begins to exist has a cause. The Universe began to exist. Therefore, the Universe had a cause. Sequentially speaking, these three points are true.A posteriori arguments for atheism claim that the world is other than it would be if God existed, and so conclude from it that there cannot be a God.
The Problem of Evil The most weighty of the arguments against God’s existence is an a . Popular Arguments For The Existence Of God The Ontological Argument One of the most important attempts to demonstrate the existence of God is the ontological argument of Saint Anselm, an 11th-century theologian.
But of the claim that a God exists includes that he presents supernatural events to us constantly, then one can, by proxy, have an argument proving that God does not exist because of His inactions.
I would say that there is evidence (or lack or evidence) of no god. The existence of God is a subject of debate in the philosophy of religion and popular culture.. A wide variety of arguments for and against the existence of God can be categorized as metaphysical, logical, empirical, or skybox2008.com philosophical terms, the question of the existence of God involves the disciplines of epistemology (the nature .
Arguments for and against the Existence of God The polytheistic conceptions of God were criticized and derided by the monotheistic religions. Since the Enlightenment, monotheistic concepts have also come under criticism from atheism and pantheism. Arguments Against God’s Existence Also see a great websites here: Reason Christianity is False, Existence of God – Wikipedia, from the religious side, Atheological Arguments for Atheism, The Anthropic Argument, Q&A, Cosmological Argument, Transcendental Arguments.